When winter comes around, most of us become homebodies who prefer to stay indoors like hibernating bears. When people aren’t at work, you’re most likely to find them snuggled up in a blanket either watching Netflix or catching up on a novel.
Either way, a majority of people are happy to trade Pina Coladas and palm trees for coffee mugs and beanies. However, it’s worth noting that while we’re indoors, magical things are happening outside. During winter, the face of nature transforms into an icy wonderland of remarkable beauty.
That’s why a growing number of people are starting to explore camping as a viable and enjoyable recreational activity in winter.
But, camping in winter means that you’ll have to put in a little more preparation than normal and learn how to insulate a tent for winter camping. You have to take extra precautions to protect yourself from the cold.
Read on for some helpful pointers on how to enjoy the perfect winter camping trip, starting with your tent.
What is Tent Insulation?
Insulation is a pretty straightforward process. The goal is to construct a barrier that helps to minimize the amount of heat transferred between two materials.
You can do this by minimizing conduction and radiant effects. This probably sounds like a bunch of mumbo jumbo to the average person so we’ll simplify it for you.
Basically, insulation allows us to keep the body heat we generate within the tent from escaping. After all, you can’t use any type of heating source to warm up your tent so you must rely on body heat.
This is the most viable solution because the human body produces the same amount of energy and heat as a 100-watt light bulb.
Since a tent is a small and enclosed space, it’s easier to heat it up with body heat alone. The most important thing is to insulate the two main areas within the tent, namely the walls and the floor.
If you can do this then your body heat will heat up your tent as much as you like.
Best Materials for Tent Insulation
In order for the heat transfer process to be successful, you need materials that don’t consist of tightly packed atoms at the molecular level.
In simple terms, you should opt for lightweight material and stay away from anything that’s dense. Typically, air is the best possible insulation for a tent.
This is why you’ll find that a majority of insulation materials used for tents are made with tiny pockets that help trap air inside the space.
This is similar to how single-pane windows are constructed. Almost all types of insulations involve trapping air inside a particular space.
However, that’s just one piece of the puzzle. You must also consider heat reflection. There are lots of heavy-duty materials available online that you can use to reflect heat back to you.
A good example of material that ticks all the boxes is foam insulation. This type usually works by trapping air through the use of trapped gases that are lighter than air.
This foam is perfect for use as insulation for a tent floor. But this is a whole other topic.
Now that you understand the ins and outs of tent insulation materials, let’s look at techniques that you can use to get the most out of them.
How to Insulate a Tent for Winter Camping
It’s actually not that difficult to insulate your tent against cold weather conditions.
But you must be very careful with how you approach tent insulation and follow a strict set of steps, especially if this is your first time camping out in winter.
Luckily, we have a few helpful tips below to show you how it’s done.
1. Find the Best Place to Pitch Your Tent
The first and most important step to take is to choose the perfect location to pitch your tent. For best results, look for the most sheltered spot on the camping ground that you’ve selected.
Finding a spot that’s relatively sheltered from the elements will go a long way in helping you keep your tent insulated.
Look for a spot away from direct wind exposure. The last thing you want is to face the wind only and have your insulated tent blown away into oblivion.
Keep in mind that wind direction can still change, so you’ll need to stake your tent to make sure it stays in place just in case that happens during your stay.
Don’t pitch your tent in low areas, especially if the area you’re camping at is expecting snowfall.
That’s because snow will always travel downward to lower areas and trust us, you don’t want to wake up to a mountain of snow in front of your tent.
Look for higher sheltered areas that are less likely to attract snow. Unlike summer, high ground is always better than low ground in winter.
2. Make Sure There’s Good Windbreak
It’s very important to set camp in a place that has some sort of rock shelter. If that’s not possible, look for an area with a good windbreak in the form of thick bushes or trees.
If even that isn’t available then you’ll need to create your own windbreak.
Remember that the air is always thick and much colder in winter than it is on any other season. This means that even the slightest exposure to a blast of icy cold wind can lead to pneumonia.
The good news is that creating a windbreak is relatively easy. All you need to do is hang a tarp on a line that runs between two trees or two stakes.
Make sure to tie the bottom-most part of the tarp to the stakes or trees as well.
Once your windbreak is in place, you should be able to make fire without worrying that it’ll get blown out by the wind.
3. Stake the Tent
We cannot stress the importance of staking your tent enough. This is not the same as waterproofing your tent but it will contribute to keeping you safe just in case the weather changes course in the middle of your trip.
Staking your tent is absolutely essential if you’re going out camping in an open area. It’s the best way to ensure that you don’t get bowled over when the weather changes.
Didn’t bring any stakes with you? Don’t worry. You can always make makeshift stakes using chiseled wood.
You should have a camping hatchet that’ll help you create the stakes you need to keep your tent in place. Once you’ve knocked the stakes into the ground, use a camping rope to secure the tent.
4. Get a Ground Tarp
No-one wants to sit or even lie down on hard cold ground. That’s why your tent needs to have a ground tarp which will be the foundation of your winter tent floor.
A tent tarp floor is not to be confused with a tent footprint. The purpose of a tent footprint is to keep your tent clean from debris and shelter it against possible wear and tear.
On the other hand, the ground tarp is designed to improve tent insulation and should be used in addition to a tent footprint.
You place the ground tarp right below the tent on top of the tent footprint. It comes with the added benefit of waterproofing your tent and protecting it from the elements.
This is essential to anyone that’s camping out in the snow and you’ll be thankful that you took this one little measure towards your own safety and comfort in the wild.
5. Learn How to Start a Fire
There’s a level of planning that’s required when you’re planning a winter camping trip.
You can’t escape the need to build a fire. One of the first things you’ll need to do when you arrive at a camping spot is to search for dry wood.
Be mindful of wind direction when choosing the spot at which you choose to build your fire. The last thing you want is for the wind to blow the fire towards your tent.
Also, stick to a small fire and avoid boisterously large flames that can get out of hand. Remember, you’re not trying to impress anyone here. Just build a fire with thick branches that’ll keep it going for most of the night.
6. Put Blankets on the Floor
It’s interesting to note that the tent floor is the area through which cold comes in more than the sides.
That’s why it’s always recommended to stock up on as many blankets as you can fit into your backpack or truck.
You’ll need to layer them over the tarp, one by one after you’ve set up camp for the night. Placing them over the tent will keep them waterproof and we recommend wool blankets for best results.
Sure, they’re bulkier and might be a struggle to pack but you’ll thank yourself or us later. You could bring a few synthetic blankets as well but they’re lightweight and won’t work as well.
7. Make Sure You’re Covered Well Before Sleeping
It doesn’t matter how warm-blooded you are, you’re going to need multiple layers when going to sleep in your tent during winter.
Layering isn’t just about wearing multiple clothing layers but it’s also about the items you insulate yourself with on top.
The first layer is the closest to your body and it’s designed to help you maintain your body temperature. The middle layer is there to cushion the area between the inner and outer layers.
It’ll avert the warmth from escaping while protecting you from the cold air.
The best time to start layering up is about an hour before you call it a night and go to sleep. That’s because it’s going to take some time for you to get warm from layering up since they’re so heavy.
But, once you get warm, you’ll stay warm for long periods of time thereafter.
The worst thing you can do is to start layering up right before bed and when you feel the coldest. This will make it very difficult to fall asleep as it’ll take some time for the layers to warm you up.
Don’t forget to always change into dry and clean clothes once you come into the tent. This means you should bring extra clothes that you can change into after your daily adventures.
8. Use a Camping Tent Heater
If you look online or even at your local camping store, you’ll find that there are lots of different options to choose from when it comes to camping heaters.
Most people prefer battery-powered units because they’re effective at keeping you nice and toasty. But it’s always important to consider its dimensions in relation to the space you have in your tent.
Packing a heater will add more weight to your backpack but it’s well worth it. Just don’t forget to bring extra batteries or else it’ll be pretty much useless once the initial batteries run out.
The benefit of bringing a portable heater with you when camping is that it allows you to drive out all the cold air from the tent.
Plus, a well-insulated tent will ensure that the cold air doesn’t penetrate and that the warm air circulates within the tent to warm the area up sufficiently.
9. Insulate Your Tent with Water Packs
Water packs or water bottles have been in use for a long time and they offer a reliable way to warm things up in your tent.
All you need is to pack a few disposable water packs and fill them up with hot water before bed so you place them all around your tent.
We recommend you pack the smallest tent for your needs because a smaller tent is easier to warm up than a larger one.
Water packs are an ingenious air warming method that allows you to generate warmth from inside your tent for long periods of time.
Even when you wake up in the wee hours of the morning, you’ll find that your tent is still warm and toasty.
10. Cover Yourself Before You Insulate the Tent
Besides applying all the other methods mentioned in this article for insulating your tent, you should warm yourself up by putting on layers of dry clothes and pour yourself some hot chocolate or tea.
Just don’t drink too much of anything because you don’t want to get up in the middle of the night due to a heavy bladder.
Another great tip worth sharing is to never leave a cold beverage in your coffee mug. Drinking hot beverages will warm you up from the inside and if you don’t know how, then we suggest you learn how to make hot coffee or tea while camping.
11. Sleep on a Sleeping Pad
One of the best things you can do for yourself is to bring a self-inflatable sleeping pad. It’ll definitely boost your tent insulation efforts and allow you to sleep comfortably throughout the trip.
The better your level of insulation between the tent and your sleeping bag, the further you’ll be from the cold, hard ground and the more comfortable you’ll be.
It’s better to bring your own foam sleeping pad as a form of added padding instead of not bringing anything at all, or relying on your tarp and blankets alone.
Don’t forget to pack a camping air mattress. It’s going to take up a fair amount of space, sure, but it’s pretty easy to pack. Once deflated, you can easily fold it up into a small package.
An air mattress is vital, especially if you suffer from a back or are in the winter of your life as well.
In our experience, a camping mattress is the best way to ensure that you get your beauty sleep every night. But, if you can’t bring an air mattress due to size constraints, then a sleeping pad should be enough.
12. Get a Rain Fly Tarp
If your tent doesn’t have a rain fly then you should bring one. The good news is that most tents nowadays come with a rainfly tarp which offers extra protection.
Not only is it easy to set up, but a rain fly tarp is coated with waterproof polyurethane which means it’ll keep your stuff protected from rain, snow, and even sleet.
As you can see, there are many different ways to insulate a tent. Taken together, these steps take a lot of work, time and effort.
Plus, you have to repeat the process every time you set up camp, and who knows how many times that’ll be on a single trip?
If that doesn’t sound appealing to you, then you should definitely consider investing in a kitted out insulated tent.
It’ll make your life so much easier and if you get it from a reliable brand, it’ll last for a lifetime.